8 Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

There are many reasons why you might experience jaw and ear pain simultaneously. Though these areas of your body are different, they’re close in proximity.

The pain could be caused by a medical condition in your jaw or ear or mouth. You may also feel referred pain in your ears and jaw. This happens when your body feels pain even if the source is elsewhere.

Here are some conditions which can cause pain in your jaw as well as your ears.

1. TMJ disorders

Your temporomandibular (TMJ) joint may be the source of your jaw and ear pain. This includes the jaw joint as well as the muscles surrounding it.

The TMJ is situated adjacent to your temporal bone. The TMJ does a lot of work. It moves in many directions so that you can chew and speak.

TMJ disorders can cause jaw and ear pain. TMJ disorders can affect between 10 and 15% of adults. These disorders can cause inflammation and pain in the TMJ. This condition is most commonly associated with ear and facial discomfort. If symptoms last for more than three years, you could have a chronic TMJ condition.

TMJ disorder can develop from wear and tear, or due to another medical condition. Sometimes, your doctor may suspect that you have a TMJ disorder. However, there might be something else.

2. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the TMJ. Jaw and ear pain can be caused by it. This condition is caused by wear and tear to the cartilage around the joint. The joint may also feel stiffened.

3. Rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis

These types of arthritis are caused by your immune system attacking healthy joints. Both rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic are both autoimmune conditions.

There are many reasons why you might experience joint pain in your body.

4. Migraine

Migraine attacks can trigger pain in your jaw and ears close to the TMJ area. Migraine attacks are severe headaches which can recur. They can lead to sensitivity of light, sound, or smell.

5. Swimmer’s ear

This condition is caused by bacteria that forms in the outer ears from water exposure or injury. You may get this condition from swimming or if an outside object tears your ear’s lining. If the condition is not treated, it can cause ear and jaw pain.

6. Sinusitis

Sinusitis can cause ear and jaw pain. If you have allergies or a cold, this condition can affect your sinuses. Your nasal passages may become inflamed and irritated. Although most infections are caused by viruses, you can also develop bacterial sinusitis.

7. Dental issues

If bacteria builds up on your teeth or gums, you could develop periodontal disease and cavities. These conditions can cause serious damage to your mouth, and even further, if left untreated. They can cause ear and jaw pain.

8. Teeth grinding

TMJ disorder is a condition whereby you have pain in your jaw and ears from grinding your teeth. This condition can:

  • How your teeth are aligned can have an impact on how you feel
  • You can erode your teeth
  • Reduce your TMJ
  • Try to stretch your muscles

You might grind your teeth every night and not be aware of it until you feel pain or another symptom.

These conditions can cause jaw and ear pain, but they are not the only symptoms. The following symptoms can also occur:

  • TMJ disorder
    • Facial pain
    • Pain from chewing
    • Jaw locking or clicking
    • Earringing
    • hearing loss
    • Neck and shoulder pain
    • Teeth shifting and misalignment
    • Headaches
  • Arthritis
  • Migraines
    • A throbbing sensation on one or both your head
    • nausea
    • Changes to your vision or other senses
  • Swimmer’s ear
    • Drainage
    • Pain along the neck and around the eyes
    • Hearing reduction
    • Itching
    • Fièvre
  • Sinusitis
    • clogged nasal passages
    • You can choose to have a green or yellow discharge
    • Sensitivity of the face
    • You can cough
    • Kopfschmerz
    • Restricted ability to smell and taste
  • Periodontal disease, cavities, and dental abscesses are all possible.
    • Pain in the neck and lower face
    • Pain that worsens when you lie down
    • The gums and the face are affected by swelling
    • Sensitive teeth or loose teeth
    • Sensitivity to cold and hot food and beverages
    • Flu-like symptoms and fever
  • Teeth grinding
    • Sensitivity to tooth pain
    • Wear your teeth
    • Facial and neck pain
    • Kopfschmerz
    • sleep disruption

To diagnose your jaw and ear problems, your doctor will perform a physical exam. Your doctor might also ask about your medical history in order to better understand your symptoms. Make sure to mention:

  • recent dental surgeries
  • illnesses
  • injuries
  • Changes in your mental health such as stress, anxiety, and depression

Your doctor may:

  • Pay attention to your jaw
  • Feel your jaw and around the corners of your face
  • Take a look in your ears
  • Check your vital signs
  • examine your mouth

To diagnose the condition, you may need an MRI, Xray, or another imaging test.

There are many causes of ear and jaw pain. Treatments can also vary.

TMJ treatment is not something you should do. About 40% of cases can be resolved on their own, and only 5-10% require treatment. TMJ disorders can be treated with:

  • Resting your jaw
  • home remedies
  • Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication
  • Wearing a brace or cast to limit jaw movement
  • To reduce inflammation, flush your joints
  • In severe cases, surgery is an option

Similar treatments may also be available for other causes of ear or joint pain. Some conditions like arthritis, swimmer’s ear, and sinusitis may include specific medications.

Your doctor may recommend certain anti-inflammatories for arthritis, steroids for swimmer’s ear, and nasal sprays for sinusitis, among other treatment options.

Dental conditions such as periodontal disease, cavities, and dental abscesses can require tooth extraction, a root canal, deep cleaning, or other treatments.

There are many home remedies that can be used to treat TMJ disorders.

  • You can add more soft foods to your diet.
  • Stop chewing gum, or any other object, such as the ends or pencils of pens or pencils.
  • Relax and relax your jaw.
  • Use either a cold or warm compress on the jaw.
  • Do exercises that stretch your jaw, such as slowly opening and closing the mouth several times.
  • Avoid stress.

Some of these treatments can also be used to treat jaw and ear pain.

To prevent or treat any conditions that may affect your mouth, you need to take good care. To avoid bacteria buildup, floss regularly and quit smoking.

If you have ear or jaw pain, you should consult a doctor.

  • It is accompanied by fever or other flu-like symptoms
  • Gets in the way of your daily activities
  • Interferes with your sleep
  • persists despite treatments
  • It can make it difficult to eat and drink.
  • Causes pain or sensitivity in your gums or teeth

Ear and jaw pain can occur simultaneously for many reasons. The condition that affects both your jaw and ears is often related to the area of your jaw or ears, but you may feel referred pain in the other.

Talk to your doctor to determine what is causing the jaw and ear pain. This will allow you to treat the pain and prevent it from getting worse.

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